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Le port romain du quartier de Saint-Lupien à Rezé/Ratiatum (Loire-Atlantique) : origine et évolution

Jimmy Mouchard 1, 2 David Guitton 3, 4 Martial Monteil 1, 2 Xavier Favreau 5 Nicolas Ménez 3 Matthieu Yacger 6 Rémy Arthuis 3, 1 Isabelle Bertrand Aurélia Borvon 7, 8, 9 Patrice Cervellin 10 Bernard-Noël Chagny Marie-France Dietsch-Sellami Fréderic Epaud 11, 12 Axelle Ganne 1 Lydiane Gantier Déjla Garmi 13 Evelyne Goubert 14 Yannick Le Digol Thibaud Maisonneuve 15 Vivien Mathé 16 David Pécréaux 17 Ophélie de Peretti Alexandre Polinski Nima Saedlou Magali Toriti 1, 18
Abstract : The small town of Rezé/Ratiatum (Loire-Atlantique) is located at the end and along the south shore of the Loire estuary facing the city of Nantes/Condevicnum. Located in the Aquitaine province and Pictones territory, the town is situated at an important crossroads of land, river and sea routes. It developed along the river, spreading over at least 40 to 50 ha at its peak, toward the beginning of the 2nd c. AD. The excavations carried out between 2005 and 2016 in the neighborhood of Saint-Lupien made it possible to confirm the existence of harbor facilities in close connection with a series of warehouses, previously identified in the 1980s. Though initially relatively modest in size (primarily consisting of structures built on micro-piles), by the end of the 1st c. AD, a period during which the entire district was at the center of a vast restructuring program, these riverbank constructions became much more imposing. The later buildings can be distinguished by the use of wood and stone, following box construction guidelines, the whole was then sealed with high facades of timber frames. Throughout Antiquity, this group of platforms, upholding buildings and serving as a quay at the foot of the riverbank, would undergo numerous rehabilitation works or reconstructions, before gradually being replaced by a slipway, that would remain active until the beginning of the Middle Ages.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 18, 2021 - 5:00:56 PM
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Jimmy Mouchard, David Guitton, Martial Monteil, Xavier Favreau, Nicolas Ménez, et al.. Le port romain du quartier de Saint-Lupien à Rezé/Ratiatum (Loire-Atlantique) : origine et évolution. Gallia - Archéologie des Gaules, CNRS Éditions, 2020, Les ports romains dans les Trois Gaules. Entre Atlantique et eaux intérieures, 77 (1), pp.67-97. ⟨10.4000/gallia.5773⟩. ⟨hal-03173252⟩



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