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Le quai no 9 du port romain de Saint-Lupien à Rezé/Ratiatum (Loire-Atlantique)

Abstract : In the final years of the 1st c. AD that the riverbank of the Saint-Lupien district in Rezé/Ratiatum (Loire-Atlantique) was the object of an ambitious urban planning program that transformed it, subsequently emerging as a structured and monumental constructed space. The bank of the Loire was thus punctuated, and then divided into several construction modules built according to box construction guidelines. Initially, and in the most northernly cases, these boxes were constituted of a robust oak timber framework blended with a solid stone infill. They reflect an artificial terracing and underwent a mutual architectural evolution, traversing multiple transformations, gradually giving rise to an exclusive use of dry stone toward the middle of the 2nd c. AD, before their early abandonment in the first years of the 3rd c. AD. Excavated simultaneously with the boxes nos 12 and 13, the module no 9 appears to be the largest and most complete within the area. By means of an interdisciplinary approach and a thorough excavation protocol, the totality of this artificial terrace was subjected to a nearly comprehensive dismantling. This work served to highlight several characteristics of construction, in particular in regards to Roman carpentry. Thus, this article intends to underscore the originality of its morphology, its architectural characteristics and its unique evolutionary process.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 18, 2021 - 4:25:25 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 1, 2021 - 11:07:40 AM


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Jimmy Mouchard, Matthieu Yacger, David Guitton. Le quai no 9 du port romain de Saint-Lupien à Rezé/Ratiatum (Loire-Atlantique). Gallia - Archéologie des Gaules, CNRS Éditions, 2020, Les ports romains dans les Trois Gaules. Entre Atlantique et eaux intérieures, 77 (1), pp.99-117. ⟨10.4000/gallia.5864⟩. ⟨hal-03173291⟩



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