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Theses

Recherches sur les armées des Attalides (ca. 260-133 av. J.-C.)

Abstract : When we see the scientific production of the Hellenistic period, it’s reveals that a particular choice is focused on the greats kingdoms founded by Alexander the Great’s soldiers. This choice is not fortuitous. The abundance of sources has undoubtedly contributed to the easy exhumation of the past of these kingdoms. The kingdom of Pergamum, which we give ourselves to look the global military aspect is the first time, that one study takes all parts of military aspect of this kingdom. The particularity of Pergamon kingdom is that it was not founded by one of the generals of the Macedonian conqueror. Philetairos, a simple steward of Lysimachus was the founder of attalid dynasty which reigned in Pergamon after Lysimachus death in 281 BC during the Battle of Couroupedion. the attalid dynasty began its reign on the modest city of Pergamum but, it became powerful after many battles.In 188 BC, Pergamon became the most important city of Asia Minor and the principal Rome’s ally.At this time, Attalids’s armies the most importants in Asia continent.The katoikiai of seleucid kingdom became attalids proporties. This’s why we can suggest that Pergamon armies had phalanx mercenaries. However, we can’t say more for lack of evidence.In a century and a half of attalid rule, Pergamon had a very dynamic land and sea army based essentially on mercenaries. His intense diplomatic activity also enabled him to sign several conventions of mutual assistance in the event of a military attack threatening the integrity of Pergamon with the powerful military cities like Cyzique, Rhodes... This military cooperation completes the general aspect of the attalids armies. To succeed, the olds knowledge and speciality the recent discoveries have been a great contribution.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 15, 2021 - 4:36:08 PM
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Guy Christian Messa. Recherches sur les armées des Attalides (ca. 260-133 av. J.-C.). Histoire. Université du Maine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LEMA3010⟩. ⟨tel-03199503⟩

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