Le sang dans Perceforest : du sang real au sang du Christ

Abstract : A huge work touching on almost every subject, Perceforest contains numerous episodes in which blood is the subject. This chronicle recounts the founding of the order of the “cainse roseté” (the pink-spotted shirt), a sorority whose members all wear a red-spotted dress in memory of the blood shed by King Perceforest. Symbolizing courtly ideals as well as representing veneration for a martyr-king, this episode may have been influenced by the cult of the Holy-Blood, and hark back to the Holy-Blood relic in Bruges. The ladies who wear this pink-spotted shirt in honor of the king constitute a kind of order, and the importance of the rose, as well as the link between Perceforest and the Romance of the Rose, suggest a connection with Christine de Pizan’s Dit de la Rose. Thus halfway between love’s ailments and Christian salvation, blood confirms Perceforest’s role as the Grail’s pre-history, and contributes to situating this work among 15th century representations and mentalities.
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Christine Ferlampin-Acher. Le sang dans Perceforest : du sang real au sang du Christ. Cahiers de Recherches Médiévales et Humanistes / Journal of Medieval and Humanistic Studies, Classiques Garnier, 2011, Les « grands territoires » au Moyen Âge, réalités et représentations, pp.153-168. ⟨10.4000/crm.12437⟩. ⟨hal-01591109⟩

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