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Sur La philosophie positiviste de Kolakowski

Abstract : Kołakowski is the author of a Positivist philosophy (1966) presentation, while he was still teaching in Warsaw, translated in French ten years later (1976). This work is presented as a history of positivism, from its medieval origins up to logical empiricism. This history is also a critical evaluation, since positivism is defined as a theory of knowledge, but this theory leads in several cases, notably American pragmatism (William James), to ideology. In his analysis of the work of Auguste Comte, Kolakowski shows how difficult it is to dissociate the two orientations. Within the limits of this article, we have chosen to focus on this chapter and on those dealing with, on the one hand, the previous versions of positivism (Kolakowski recognizes David Hume as “one of the greatest minds the modern era has produced”); and on the other hand, “conventionalism” (in particular Edward The Roy), as well as the general issues of the characterization and evaluation of positivism.
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https://hal.univ-rennes2.fr/hal-01614046
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 10, 2017 - 1:33:54 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 12:03:01 PM

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François Trémolières. Sur La philosophie positiviste de Kolakowski. Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions, Éditions de l’EHESS, 2014, Leszek Kolakowski, Avril - juin (166), ⟨10.4000/assr.25911⟩. ⟨hal-01614046⟩

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