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Délire paranoïaque de revendication et passages à l’acte justiciers

Abstract : Objectives The present clinical research explores the underlying logic of litigious paranoid delusion, more specifically in its querulous and pseudo-altruistic forms. This research examines both the causality and the psychic functions fulfilled by episodes of vengeful acting out and in some cases murder. Methodology The author uses texts from the French psychiatric literature on the subject of litigious delusion, calling on Jacques Lacan's contributions to the structure of psychosis in order to analyze clinical situations, and using case studies in order to highlight the particularities of this form of persecution delusion. Results Litigious paranoid delusion is constructed from the loss, whether real or experienced as such, of an object. Delusional litigation, in psychosis, results from a feeling of being deprived of jouissance, which persecutes the subject as a consequence of the non-symbolization of the castration of which that he sees himself as the victim. He is the target of a scandalous conspiracy threatening his image and aiming to dispossess him of it. One possible outcome is a querulant procedure, and this carries the particularity of referring directly to the right to jouissance. The same logic sustains episodes of avengful acting out: by resorting to action, the subject calls on the law for it to respond to the fundamental injustice threatening the subject's jouissance and his high representations of himself. Murderous acting out, as well as simulacrums of mass attacks, derive from a pseudo-altruistic litigious delusion and possess the common function of defending the ideal to which the subject adjusts his existence. Discussion Through the analysis of paranoid litigious delusion and the auto-therapeutic solution it constitutes, the present article refutes any negative analysis of psychosis as a deficit. Unlike criminology studies, which, by establishing of profiles and statistics, objectify murder and murderers, the present article studies the status, the function and the causality of the act according to the perpetrator's psychic economy, in order to identify significant coordinates and the underlying subjective logic. Therefore, this contribution is an essential complement to today's psychological, psychiatric and forensic approaches to revengeful acting out and litigious paranoid delusion. In fact, this is a clinical category that is neglected or has even fallen into disuse. Conclusion Clinical reflection is required regarding those we commonly see as justice idealists with synthetic tendencies, social reformers and the socio-political or religious doctrines they elaborate and act upon in the name of an ideal within the existing social fabric, sometimes at the cost of crimes against humanity. At the same time the following question is raised: how does the normalisation of litigious and querulous delusion accommodate the characteristics of contemporary social bonds.
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https://hal.univ-rennes2.fr/hal-01701917
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 6, 2018 - 12:08:37 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 10, 2019 - 11:42:02 AM

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Romuald Hamon. Délire paranoïaque de revendication et passages à l’acte justiciers. L'Évolution Psychiatrique, Elsevier, 2018, ⟨10.1016/j.evopsy.2017.12.002⟩. ⟨hal-01701917⟩

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