Les services des délirants des hôpitaux : un débat au tournant du xxe siècle

Abstract : The author will study a chapter rather unknown of the French psychiatry history, contemporary with the passage from alienism to psychiatry. It is a debate about the delusional patients’ department in hospitals at the turning of the 20th century. This debate was more based on the localisation and the joining of these departments than on their legitimacy. Indeed, their existence and their development seemed to create a consensus among the property developers. It was the place of their implantation which crystallized the disagreements between the asylum's defenders, who asked anyway a reform, and those of the general hospital. This article tries to analyze the conditions in which this debate emerged situating it in its historical context, particularly in the context of the occidental psychiatry at the end of the 19th century. This article also tries to enlighten its clinical, ideological and university stakes. The author shows that it is at the basis of different institutional reform projects linked to the names of Jean Etienne Esquirol, of Évariste Marandon de Montyel and of Édouard Toulouse, who knew a very different destiny. If some of the stakes of this debate are no longer current nowadays, other stakes are nonetheless implicated in the contemporary situation.
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Journal articles
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https://hal.univ-rennes2.fr/hal-01728286
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Submitted on : Saturday, March 10, 2018 - 1:32:27 PM
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Yohan Trichet. Les services des délirants des hôpitaux : un débat au tournant du xxe siècle. L'Évolution Psychiatrique, Elsevier, 2013, 78 (2), pp.217 - 232. ⟨10.1016/j.evopsy.2012.09.005⟩. ⟨hal-01728286⟩

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