Effect of additional warning sounds on pedestrians’ detection of electric vehicles: An ecological approach

Abstract : Virtually silent electric vehicles (EVs) may pose a risk for pedestrians. This paper describes two studies that were conducted to assess the influence of different types of external sounds on EV detectability. In the first study, blindfolded participants had to detect an approaching EV with either no warning sounds at all or one of three types of sound we tested. In the second study, designed to replicate the results of the first one in an ecological setting, the EV was driven along a road and the experimenters counted the number of people who turned their heads in its direction. Results of the first study showed that adding external sounds improve EV detection, and modulating the frequency and increasing the pitch of these sounds makes them more effective. This improvement was confirmed in the ecological context. Consequently, pitch variation and frequency modulation should both be taken into account in future AVAS design.
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https://hal.univ-rennes2.fr/hal-01784147
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 3, 2018 - 9:39:43 AM
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Sylvain Fleury, Eric Jamet, Vincent Roussarie, Laure Bosc, Jean-Christophe Chamard. Effect of additional warning sounds on pedestrians’ detection of electric vehicles: An ecological approach. Accident Analysis and Prevention, Elsevier, 2016, 97, pp.176 - 185. ⟨10.1016/j.aap.2016.09.002⟩. ⟨hal-01784147⟩

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