L’imaginaire utopique dans la Comédie ancienne, entre eutopie et dystopie (l’exemple des Oiseaux d’Aristophane)

Abstract : The aim of this paper is to study the mechanism of utopia in Aristophanes’ Birds. This comedy reveals a number of formal patterns typical of utopian fantasy such as the journey to faraway countries, the restoration of a golden age, or the vision of a world upside down; it is also pervaded by contemporary issues (progress vs primitivism, sophistic ideas on nature and law) which give utopia its features and meaning. Aristophanes subverts the codes of utopia by staging an ambiguous utopia, wavering between eutopia and dystopia; the poet’s irony can also be perceived insofar as the once loathed Athenian reality shows up amidst Cloudcuckooland. This reflection of Athens allows for the comic utopia: whether it reveals the crisis striking the real city or asserts a political ideal by contrast, the comic utopia contributes in its own way to the debate upon aristè politeia and urges the spectators to consider Athens in relation to this model.
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Cécile Corbel-Morana. L’imaginaire utopique dans la Comédie ancienne, entre eutopie et dystopie (l’exemple des Oiseaux d’Aristophane). Kentron. Revue pluridisciplinaire du monde antique, Presses Universitaires de Caen, 2010, pp.49 - 62. ⟨10.4000/kentron.1330⟩. ⟨hal-01845265⟩

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