Can spatialisation be extended to episodic memory and open sets?

Abstract : The SPoARC effect (Spatial Positional Associated Response Codes) has only been observed in working memory (WM) using closed sets. It is interpreted as showing that individuals spatialise to-be-remembered items in a left-to-right fashion, using spatialisation as context. Given that context is crucial for episodic memory (EM), we tested if this effect could be observed in EM by using 15-word lists taken from an open set. After each list, 30 probes were sequentially displayed to test recognition. The left/right-hand key assignment for yes/no answers was varied. No SPoARC effect was observed. However, as all previous SPoARC experiments had used short lists and closed sets, it was not possible to know if this absence of SPoARC was due to the open set feature or the length of the lists. A second experiment was thus run using open sets and short 5-word lists, which do not necessitate EM to be remembered. A SPoARC effect was observed indicating that Experiment 1 result was due to the involvement of supra-span lists and that SPoARC effects do not extend to EM with open sets. Experiment 2 also enabled us to generalise the SPoARC effect to open sets in WM for the first time.
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Journal articles
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https://hal.univ-rennes2.fr/hal-01873315
Contributor : Laurence Leroux <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 13, 2018 - 10:20:30 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 4, 2019 - 4:44:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01873315, version 1

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Alessandro Guida, S. Carnet, M. Normandon, Magali Lavielle-Guida. Can spatialisation be extended to episodic memory and open sets?. Memory, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2018, 26 (August) (7), pp.1-14. ⟨hal-01873315⟩

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