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Hearing the inaudible experimental subject: Echoes of Inaudi, Binet’s calculating prodigy.

Abstract : Historians of psychology have traditionally focused on ideas (intellectual history), the "great men" who produced them (an older style of biography sometimes called "hagiography"), or-more recently-the influence of the contexts that shaped them (social and cultural history). A still more recent approach is to bring in those invisible subjects whose experiences have previously been ignored, most often through histories focusing on the discipline's forgotten women or minority contributors: "history from below" (subaltern history). A variation on this was popularized in the history of psychiatry (viz., "patient voices") and has since been carried into the history of psychology (e.g., "feminist voices"). The latest innovation is to focus on what Jill Morawski has referred to as "the discipline's experimental subjects." (These are the collective done-to, rather than the doers, of psychological research.) This history is one of those: an attempt to look behind Alfred Binet to find an influence that shaped his work. The purpose is thus to "give voice" to this unheard-from subject-the until-now inaudible Jacques Inaudi (including excerpts from newspaper interviews and translations from his recently discovered autobiography)-and at the same time advance Morawski's historiographical project. We then get a glimpse of what it was like to be a child prodigy in France in the 1880s, as well as what securing scientific patrons could do for one's prospects. By focusing specifically on Binet's unheard-from experimental subject, we are also afforded new perspectives of the history of late-19th century French psychology (reflecting another emerging interest, "international history"), and we gain new insights into the prehistory of contemporary Binet-style intelligence testing
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Contributor : Laurence Leroux Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, September 14, 2018 - 9:19:19 AM
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Jeremy Trevelyan Burman, Alessandro Guida, Serge Nicolas. Hearing the inaudible experimental subject: Echoes of Inaudi, Binet’s calculating prodigy.. History of Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2015, 18 (1), pp.47 - 68. ⟨10.1037/a0038448⟩. ⟨hal-01874122⟩



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