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Effets contextuels et effets de pairs : quelles conséquences sur la réussite scolaire ?

Abstract : This study focuses on potential links between adolescents’ neighborhoods and their academic achievement. Our aim is to show that local environment plays an important role in the same way that individual and family characteristics do. Using Labor Force Surveys (Enquêtes Emploi) from 1992 to 2002, we study the behavior of adolescents over two years from their fifteenth birthday onward and analyze the impact of living in a neighborhood classified as “disadvantaged” in terms of the likelihood of these students having to repeat a grade. We test the effect of various neighborhood characteristics on the achievement levels of the adolescents as well as the existence of threshold effects, and we set up regressions with instrumental variables in order to control for any potential neighborhood endogeneity. Our results show that all things being equal, the local environment increased the likelihood of having to repeat a grade for those living in the most disadvantaged neighborhoods.
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Sabina Issehnane, Florent Sari. Effets contextuels et effets de pairs : quelles conséquences sur la réussite scolaire ?. Revue Economique, Presses de Sciences Po, 2013, 64 (5), pp.775 - 804. ⟨10.3917/reco.645.0775⟩. ⟨hal-01921976⟩



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