L’imitation humaine: Une synthèse de 50 années de recherche en psychologie sociale.

Abstract : Early works on mimicry in social psychology analyse its effects through simple observation without addressing its underlying mechanisms or evaluating its social impact. More recently, researchers have experimented with mimicry, giving us a better understanding of its processes and effects. Much of the experimental research focuses on the effects of mimicry on the person who is mimicked and it is only very recently that researchers have measured the impact of mimicry on the mimicker. Current research shows that individuals tend to imitate one another, whether it be on a verbal or non verbal level. We have reviewed the research conducted on mimicry since the early work of Scheflen (1964) to the most recently published papers. Here we present a synthesis of the observations that have been made concerning mimicry and the results that have been obtained thus far, indicating all the mechanisms that are reported in the literature. We have assessed the factors which may improve mimicry through an increase in level, or in contrast, those that may be able to inhibit mimicry. We have also recorded the different functions of mimicry that have been made clear through recent experimental research.
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Angélique Martin, Nicolas Guéguen, Jacques Fischer-Lokou. L’imitation humaine: Une synthèse de 50 années de recherche en psychologie sociale.. Canadian Psychology, Canadian Psychological Association, 2016, 57 (2), pp.101-119. ⟨10.1037/cap0000048 ⟩. ⟨hal-01999862⟩

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