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Étude des stratégies d’adultes présentant un retard mental dans la résolution de la Twenty Questions Task

Abstract : A Twenty Questions problem solving Task was given to 30 mentally retarded adults, 30 mentally nonretarded adults matched on chronological age, and 12 mentally nonretarded children matched on cognitive efficiency. Four strategies were identified on the basis of a subject-by-subject analysis. Results showed group differences of frequency in the use of the strategies. Moreover, results indicated that the more frequent strategy used by the mentally retarded adults is the one which consists in identifying the categories without using them to efficiently reduce the problem space. The interpretation of the results as reflecting a conceptual deficit or a chronicle cognitive sub-functioning of the mentally retarded adults depicted in the literature is discussed.
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https://hal.univ-rennes2.fr/hal-02000263
Contributor : Laurence Leroux <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 2:46:44 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, April 12, 2020 - 12:06:03 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02000263, version 1

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Evelyne Clément, Zdenka Gavornikova Baligand. Étude des stratégies d’adultes présentant un retard mental dans la résolution de la Twenty Questions Task. Psychologie Française, Elsevier Masson, 2010, 55 (1), pp.25-39. ⟨hal-02000263⟩

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