Importance of out‐of‐pocket costs for adult patients with atopic dermatitis in France

Abstract : Background Currently, few studies investigated the economic burden of atopic dermatitis (AD) in adult patients and specifically the estimation of out‐of‐pocket costs. Patients with skin disorders primarily use comfort care to ease dryness, itch or pain, and the costs of comfort care are not subject to any reimbursement from mandatory or complementary insurance. Objective The purpose of this study was to measure the medical and non‐medical expenses paid by the patient. Methods Eczema Cohort Longitudinal Adults was a non‐interventional study that aimed to assess the burden of AD in terms of quality of life and financial consequences. A self‐assessment questionnaire was distributed to adult patients who were cared in four French hospitals. Patients were asked to list the resources consumed for the treatment of AD during the last 12 months and to estimate the corresponding amount of money they had to pay out of their own pockets. The severity of AD was subjected to a stratification based on the PO‐SCORAD score. Results A total of 1024 patients answered the questionnaire: 31.9% with severe AD, 40.4% with moderate AD and 27.6% with mild AD. The mean annual out‐of‐pocket cost was €462.1 for severe AD and €247.4 for moderate AD. Emollients were the most commonly used product: 74.4% for an average out‐of‐pocket cost of €151.4. The out‐of‐pocket costs increased significantly with the severity: 27% of patients with severe AD declared having bought specially textured clothes, while 19% of patients with moderate AD reported the same. The corresponding mean out‐of‐pocket costs were €162 and €91, respectively. Conclusion The amount of out‐of‐pocket costs for patients with AD for essential medical and non‐medical expenses is relatively high, compared to the average out‐of‐pocket cost for French households. Integration of these essential resources into the list of reimbursed products and services appears necessary for a better coverage of AD.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 9:42:50 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 5, 2019 - 1:23:29 AM

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R. Launois, K. Ezzedine, E. Cabout, Z. Reguai, S. Merrhand, et al.. Importance of out‐of‐pocket costs for adult patients with atopic dermatitis in France. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, Wiley, 2019, ⟨10.1111/jdv.15581⟩. ⟨hal-02171587⟩

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