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Predicting CEFRL levels in learner English on the basis of metrics and full texts

Abstract : This paper analyses the contribution of language met-rics and, potentially, of linguistic structures, to classify French learners of English according to levels of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL). The purpose is to build a model for the prediction of learner levels as a function of language complexity features. We used the EFCAMDAT corpus [GAK13], a database of one million written assignments by learners. After applying language complexity metrics on the texts, we built a representation matching the language metrics of the texts to their assigned CEFRL levels. Lexical and syntactic metrics were computed with LCA and LSA [Lu14] and koRpus [mm17]. Several supervised learning models were built by using Gradient Boosted Trees and Keras Neural Network methods and by contrasting pairs of CEFRL levels. Results show that it is possible to implement pairwise distinctions, especially for levels ranging from A1 to B1 (A1=>A2: 0.916 AUC and A2=>B1: 0.904 AUC). Model explanation reveals significant linguistic features for the predictiveness in the corpus. Word tokens and word types appear to play a significant role in determining levels. This shows that levels are highly dependent on specific semantic profiles.
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https://hal.univ-rennes2.fr/hal-02279948
Contributor : Laurence Leroux <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 5, 2019 - 4:33:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 14, 2020 - 12:32:42 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02279948, version 1

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Taylor Arnold, Nicolas Ballier, Thomas Gaillat, Paula Lissón. Predicting CEFRL levels in learner English on the basis of metrics and full texts. Conference paper presented at Conférence sur l'Apprentissage Automatique (CAp) 2018, INSA Rouen, Jun 2018, Rouen, France. ⟨hal-02279948⟩

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