Entre pandémie et panislamisme

Abstract : After the 1865 cholera epidemic, the Holy places of Islam were identified as a source of the spreading of cholera that directly threatens Europe. However, we cannot understand the violence of the reaction of the empires and the depreciation cast on the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) without referring to the numerous “contamination narratives” that circulated then, likening Islam to contagion. As it tends to turn destitute pilgrims, may they be Indians or Algerians, into “risk groups”, this colonial imagination of the hajj prompted, until the Great War, the most extreme protective measures, the most obvious example being that of colonial Algeria.
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Luc Chantre. Entre pandémie et panislamisme. Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions, Éditions de l’EHESS, 2013, pp.163-190. ⟨10.4000/assr.25258⟩. ⟨hal-02353040⟩

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