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Do It Yourself : la fabrication numérique comme empowerment des corps handicapés ?

Abstract : This article explores the concept of empowerment and how it can be reached in disability-specialized FabLabs. These FabLabs indeed allow disabled people to build prosthetics by themselves, while developing an empowerment-centered speech. This speech develops a vision of individual and collective empowerment and aims to accomplish social transformation. We first present the preliminary results of our field study. Methodologically, this work is based on interviews with volunteers and employees of these FabLabs, as well as amputees working on Do It Yourself-prosthetics and health professionals. This article presents how this vision of empowerment is encouraged by the value system of these FabLabs. Furthermore, we want to show how disabled people are using this opportunity for customization and better personal adaptation. Moreover, this empowerment can also be accomplished by encouraging social connections and legitimating lay expertise. We will yet conclude with a critical approach of these initiatives, by confronting them with different visions of handicap and technology. In the end, these visions include a temptation towards technological solutionism and a risk of perpetuating able-bodied standards.
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Contributor : Laurence Leroux Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 18, 2020 - 3:50:51 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 12:03:04 PM



Amélie Tehel. Do It Yourself : la fabrication numérique comme empowerment des corps handicapés ?. Terminal. Technologie de l’information, culture & société, L'Harmattan / CREIS, 2019, ⟨10.4000/terminal.4967⟩. ⟨hal-02511210⟩



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