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Personal and Psychosocial factors of Burnout: A Survey within the French Neurosurgical Community

Abstract : Object The neurosurgical community is particularly exposed to burnout. The objectives of this study were to report the prevalence and associated factors of burnout within the French neurosurgical community using validated academic and psychologic scales. Methods A national survey was sent to 141 French residents and 432 neurosurgeons between April and July 2019. Burnout was surveyed using the Maslach burnout inventory. The survey included demographic data and several academic psychologic scales. A stepwise multiple regression was used to determine factors that are associated with burnout scores. Results The response rate was 100% and 23.6% for residents and neurosurgeons, respectively. Prevalence of burnout within the French neurosurgical community was 49%. There were no significant differences between residents and neurosurgeons. Two categories of factors were associated with the main dimensions of burnout during the stepwise multiple regression: personality and factors related with neurosurgical practice. Personality types such as neuroticism were negatively associated with burnout while agreeableness was protective. Work addictive profile with excessive work and absorption at work were negatively associated. Factors associated with neurosurgical practice such as conflict of work into family life, unbalanced effort to reward ratio, work duration were negatively associated. Pleasure at work was protective. Conclusion Prevalence of burnout is high among French neurosurgeons. Predictive models can be used to identify and prevent burnout among profiles at risk.
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Contributor : Géraldine Rouxel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, June 5, 2020 - 5:34:32 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 12:10:03 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-02799360, version 1


Clement Baumgarten, Estelle Michinov, Géraldine Rouxel, Vincent Bonneterre, Emmanuel Gay, et al.. Personal and Psychosocial factors of Burnout: A Survey within the French Neurosurgical Community. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2020. ⟨hal-02799360⟩



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