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Pièces chantées écrites en breton vannetais au début du XXème siècle : processus de traditionalisation

Myriam Guillevic 1
1 CRBC Rennes - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
UR2 - Université de Rennes 2 : EA 4451, CRBC - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
Abstract : The study of the process of traditionalization of songs, that is to say the various steps that make the creation of an author a piece of musical heritage common to a population, is based on a corpus of two hundred and seventy songs composed in the first half of the 20th century in Brittany. At this time, a strong impetus of creation crosses the country and many authorsstrive to renew the musical heritage, especially in the country of Vannes, geographical area of this study. The first part of this thesis studies this corpus by seeking to better understand the main authors of these songs, detailing the themes they cover and the historical context in which they evolve, as well as examining the literary and musical characteristics of their songs. Then comes the question of the mediation of the songs through various means, both oral and written, and in particular the press, so that it reaches the public for whom it is intended. The second part is to observe the fate of these songs a century later. This work is based on counting and listening to numerous collections and the reading of songbooks to determine which pieces survived their creation or on the contrary have disappeared or never even existed. It aims to try to understand what criteria can explain this phenomenon. To this census is added the analysis of ten cases of study with the detailedobservation of all collected collections of these examples, completed by interviews with several singers in order to perceive their feelings by listening to these ten songs. During this work, several constants were noted that allow to better understand the different transformations that a song undergoes to become traditional. The creation of a man then becomes collective.
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Myriam Guillevic. Pièces chantées écrites en breton vannetais au début du XXème siècle : processus de traditionalisation. Linguistique. Université Rennes 2, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018REN20066⟩. ⟨tel-02011147⟩



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