Inclusion scolaire et mise en place d’un accompagnement médico-psychologique précoce pour les enfants présentant un Trouble du Spectre de l’Autisme

Abstract : Inclusive education of children with disabilities becomes a priority of educational policies. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are therefore concerned by these transformations. This thesis which falls in the developmental psychopathology research field pursues a dual objective. On the one hand, we examined the developmental trajectories of children with ASD who attended a new inclusive classroom (study 1). On the other hand, we evaluated the effect of two peer-mediated interventions, applied within the socio-constructivist framework, and implemented in symbolic play setting (study 2) or during academic activities on digital tablet (study 3). 18 children with ASD and 26 children with typical development were involved in this thesis. After two years of follow-up, results of the study 1 showed that children with ASD significantly progress in terms of cognitive and socio-communicative skills. However, a large variability between children was also noted. The extent of children’s progress was associated with several factors such as chronological age, non-verbal intelligence and language abilities. Results of the studies 2 and 3 showed that train typical peers about the way to interact with their ASD buddies can improve socio-communicative skills of children with ASD. All typical participants also demonstrated an immediate increase in the number of tutoring behaviors after the introduction of the intervention. These results open promising perspectives in terms of educational practices that could be implemented in school setting to promote inclusion of students with ASD.
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Gaëtan Briet. Inclusion scolaire et mise en place d’un accompagnement médico-psychologique précoce pour les enfants présentant un Trouble du Spectre de l’Autisme. Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019REN20020⟩. ⟨tel-02290590⟩

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