The protection of the countryside under the Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act 2004: policy and practice in the Creedy Taw area, Mid Devon

Abstract : From the invention of the English country landscape in the modern times (Hoskins, 1955) to the rural idyll of the last century (Buller, 1997) and the present “back-to-the-land” movement (Halfacree, 2006), the English countryside has become such a reference in English-speaking cultures that it seems difficult to say anything in a critical way about the countryside policies implemented in England and Wales. This paper explore housing developments permissions in rural villages as the key issue of both countryside conservation (if it is accepted that housing cannot be compatible with the English countryside scenery) and rural development (as agricultural land is a local resource of high economic value and affordable housing is a condition to keep local workers and more generally rural inhabitants). The two main data sets are 1/ the planning regulations at national and district scales and 2/ semi structured interviews with farmers (13) and planners (3) conducted in 2009 in the Mid Devon district. This local scale has been choosed because the district is in England the scale of the planning policy making and of it’s implementation. A comparison with France helps to conduct a critical analysis of the English rural planning policy : consensus for countryside conservation, scarcity of development permission, real estate as a life jacket for farm businesses, gentrification of the hamlets and villages.
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Yvon Le Caro. The protection of the countryside under the Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act 2004: policy and practice in the Creedy Taw area, Mid Devon. Rural Spaces in the UK (18th-21st centuries): Identities, Mutations, and Representations, David Haigron; EA 1796 ACE Anglophonie : communautés et écritures – Université Rennes 2 Apr 2015, Rennes, France. ⟨hal-01580880⟩

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